The Lord sends the ninth plague of thick darkness. Pharaoh offers the fourth compromise. God instructs the Israelites to request silver and gold from their Egyptian neighbors. The Lord announces one last plague: the death of the firstborn.
God sends the sixth and seventh plagues of boils and hail. God explains to Pharaoh that the plagues have come because he has exalted himself against the Lord’s people. God warns the Egyptians to move their livestock and servants inside. Those who fear the word of the Lord obey.
God brings the plague of flies, making a distinction with the Hebrews living in Goshen. Pharaoh says the people can go, but then he changes his mind. Therefore, God kills the Egyptian livestock. Pharaoh continues to harden his heart.
Moses and Aaron perform the first sign before Pharaoh by turning Aaron’s rod into a serpent. The magicians replicate this, and Pharaoh’s heart grows hard. God sends the first plague by instructing Moses and Aaron to turn the waters of Egypt to blood.